How to grow plants under LED grow lights
A light emitting diode, popularly known as LED is a semiconductor light, and can greatly promote the growth of plants. An LED has a lot of different advantages over non LED lights, a topic that we will elaborate later in this article. The advancement of science and technology has finally given birth to a form of light that not only saves you a lot of money, as the power consumption is actually very low, but also is immensely dependable, durable, as an added bonus helps you to grow better plant.
Although we might assume that plants grow best under white light, such as sunlight, they do not in fact use very much of the visible light spectrum. For the most part, the chlorophyll which allows the conversion of carbon dioxide and water into sugars is sensitive to light in the blue and red wavelengths. LED grow lights are very helpful for indoor plant growers, as they are designed to emit only the essential wavelengths found in natural light – this saves on power and encourages efficient growth. Admittedly this is a bit of an oversimplification – there are several “Peaks” in the light spectrum which plants are sensitive to, and modern and efficient LED grow lights actually use 2, 3 or even 4 different colors side by side to full stimulate plant growth.
LED grow lights mimic the most important colors, or wavelengths of light for photosynthesis to occur
These lights are extremely long lasting, with the average life span of a bulb being between 50 000 and 100 000 hours. The normal lights such as HID, HPS and MH come nowhere near LED grow lights when it comes to service life, and this is the reason why more and more growers are going for these lights today. They also help you in saving a lot of money on electric bulbs. A single HID replacement bulb can be up to $100 for a 300w unit.
Normal lights or bulbs are not at all power efficient, and waste a lot of power. Moreover, grow light is required to be turned on for extended hours. The results are huge electricity bills at the end of the month. But LED grow lights are great power savers, and are low on wattage. These bulbs are good for the environment as well, and do not promote global warming like the normal tungsten bulbs. So if you want to follow the eco friendly push for efficient technology, you have got yet another reason to opt for LED grow lights.
LED grow lights work at much lower temperatures than the normal lights, so the requirement of air conditioners is not generally there. Effectively lower temperature lights mean lower temperature growing rooms, which are less humid, and at the end of the day saves you money that you would have spent on air-conditioning. They are also cooler to touch than the normal bulbs, so the chances of accidents are also significantly low. Plants will not be accidentally scorched, and soild does not dry out as badly.
Growing outdoors can really be a lot of headache, as no one can predict the weather, and LED grow light gives you the full freedom and opportunity to grow inside effectively and safely, without any worries whatsoever. You can recreate the perfect environment for the utmost growth of plants at the comfort of your room.
Let’s sum up the reasons that may prompt you to buy LED grow Lights:
* Reasonable cost: Good LED lights are not cheap but are comparable in cost to top quality HID lamps. Plus, they save you a lot of money in a variety of ways. They save you money that you waste on high wattage lamps, air conditioners, and other devices that you use to create the environment for plant growth. Why waste money on unwanted heating?
* Less Heat: LED lights are cool to touch even after running for days. It creates less heat when it is on, and hence keeps the room and also the environment cool and hygienic.
* Longer Life: as discussed before, LED lights may last up to 100 000 hours. This is not possible in case of ordinary lights.
* Light and Portable: these lights are very light and portable, and hence easy to carry from one place to another.
As also discussed in a previous part, not all colors and spectra of light are helpful in the growth of all plants. They all require different colors and levels of intensities for optimal results. Keeping the issue in mind, LED growth lights have been designed into three main types:
* Blue Lights: helpful in growing seedlings and vegetables.
* Red Light: helpful for the growth of leafy plants.
* Combination of Blue and red: helpful for mid cycle plants.
There are a lot of websites that you may visit for buying LED grow lights. They all have a competitive price, but you must also be careful before making the final decision. Here are a few things that you must double check before buying LED lights online:
a. Are there any Hidden Costs?
b. Is the company reputable? Look for reviews from other buyers.
c. Do not fall in the trap of making advance payments. Always select a company that allows you to make payment on delivery.
d. Buy a product with guarantee.
e. Never go for extremely cheap products. They are often frauds. Sounds too good to be true? Well, it probably is. Save your pennies and buy something you trust.